In the garden of friends you saw a beautiful rose and wanted the same. But you were told that it would be very expensive to buy such a rose. You can do it in a cheaper way – ask for a stalk, or just dig one of the stems. This method of propagating roses is called laying layering. Usually use reproduction by conventional, air and vertical layering. How to do this, read on. Important! Not all roses reproduce by layering.
Roses can be propagated in different ways.
Normal layering tab
The easiest way to breed roses. This method is used if they want minimal damage to the parent plant. The branch is covered with earth, leaving only the top. Where the shoot is sprinkled with earth, roots form. Layers are usually laid in early spring. To ensure success was guaranteed, shoots with a developed ability to root formation, which are placed shallow below the surface, are used.
A very important point will be the preparation of the soil. It needs to be dug as deep as possible. After that, add the right amount of peat and sand. The soil should have good water holding capacity, air regime and drainage.
On the bent shoot, all leaves are removed. The branch is laid at the bottom of the dug groove. If the stem does not “obey”, then it is fixed with wire arches. Top with earth, lightly compacted, and watered. Watering should be done regularly, and in dry weather – and several times a day.
In early autumn, layering is separated from the parent plant. After 2-3 weeks, for the best development of the roots, the tip of the layer is cut off. A little later, the rose plant is transplanted into a pot or to a new “residence”. If the root system is not sufficiently developed, then the plants are left for the next year.
Another well-known method of plant propagation. The method is traditionally called Chinese (came from China). Root formation occurs on an unseparated lignified shoot. At 15-25 cm from its apex, the bark ring is removed. This site is sheltered from the light. If you surround it with warm and moist soil, then the roots should form within a few weeks. For root formation, you will need to wait at least one growing season. Then, the rooted layers are carefully separated and planted in a pot.
Propagation of roses by vertical layering
Usually used only for propagation of plants for sale. But they apply it only to varieties that tolerate annual short pruning well. During the year, the plant is not touched. Grafted roses are not suitable for such purposes. In this way, it is good to get rootstocks from Canina roses and others. Only root roses are suitable for such propagation. At the beginning of the dormant period, the plant is cut off, leaving a stump 5-7 cm high. At very low temperatures, this technique is best done in the spring before growth begins.
The following spring, when the growing shoots reach about 10-15 cm, they are spudded so that the entire plant is underground. It is important not to delay with earthing up. As they grow, shoots continue to spud up to a height of 25 cm. In dry summer, the soil must be watered. No need to zealous with watering. The soil should be warm and slightly moist.
In late autumn or early winter, after the leaves have completely fallen and the plant has gone to rest, the land around the lay is carefully raked to its original level. Rooted layers are separated from the uterine plant by secateurs so that no stumps remain. After that, they are immediately planted in the ground. The whole earth is removed on the uterine plant so that the kidneys get the desired effect of low temperature in the winter.
In addition to the methods described here for propagating roses by layering, there are other ways of obtaining plant copies. For example, the propagation of roses by stem cuttings.